Colorful fruits and veggies like carrots, red peppers, and spinach, as well as omega-3-rich foods like salmon, can provide key vitamins and minerals like A, C, E, and zinc that prevent macular degeneration and improve eye health.
Lutein and zeaxanthin, carotenoids found in the retina and in foods such as leafy greens, broccoli, zucchini, and eggs, can improve eyesight and protect the macula by increasing pigment density and absorbing harmful light, and can also be taken in supplement form.
Maintaining a healthy weight and exercising regularly can lower the risk of type 2 diabetes and diabetic retinopathy, which can damage the blood vessels in the eyes.
Manage chronic conditions: high blood pressure and multiple sclerosis can harm your eyesight due to chronic inflammation, but healthy habits and medications can help manage them.
Protect your eyes from harm by wearing appropriate eyewear when playing sports or working with sharp objects or hazardous materials. Choose tough, protective goggles made with polycarbonate for maximum safety.
Take frequent breaks from staring at a computer to rest your eyes and reduce strain by following the 20-20-20 rule: every 20 minutes, look away from the screen and focus on something 20 feet away for 20 seconds.
Smoking increases the risk of cataracts and age-related macular degeneration, as well as harming other body parts. However, quitting smoking can lead to a rapid recovery from tobacco-induced damage, with longer periods of abstinence leading to greater benefits.
To avoid infections and irritation, wash your hands before touching your eyes or contact lenses, disinfect lenses as instructed, and replace them as advised by your doctor or manufacturer to prevent bacterial infections.