Discoloration: Yellowing or pale nails may indicate liver or kidney problems. These changes in nail color can be due to conditions like jaundice or anemia.
Brittle or Cracked Nails: Brittle or cracked nails can be a sign of nutritional deficiencies, such as a lack of vitamins or minerals.
Spoon-shaped Nails: Concave or spoon-shaped nails, known as koilonychia, may indicate iron deficiency anemia.
Pitting: Small depressions or pitting on the surface of the nails can be associated with conditions like psoriasis or inflammatory arthritis.
Clubbing: Enlarged fingertips with nails that curve downward, known as clubbing, can be a sign of lung, heart, or liver disease.
White Spots: Small white spots or streaks on the nails, known as leukonychia, can indicate minor trauma to the nail or a zinc deficiency.
Beau's Lines: Horizontal lines or grooves across the nails, known as Beau's lines, may appear after an illness or injury that temporarily disrupts nail growth.
Nail Thickening: Thickened nails can be a sign of a fungal infection, especially if accompanied by changes in color or texture.
Nail Bed Changes: Changes in the color or texture of the nail bed, such as a bluish tint or pale appearance, can indicate underlying health issues.