Newborns commonly have spots and splotches on their skin, but not all birthmarks are the same. Experts explain the significant variations in baby birthmarks.
Deep-red "strawberry" birthmarks are common, affecting up to 10% of children. They grow rapidly in the first year and disappear in 3-10 years, leaving discoloration.
Coffee-colored birthmarks occur in about 2% of babies, and lasers can treat them if desired. Having five or more spots can indicate a genetic disorder, requiring further testing.
Vino-colored port-wine birthmarks affect about 3 in 1,000 children and darken as they grow. While they won't vanish naturally, laser treatment can help lighten them, ideally done in the first three months to limit their progression.
Bruise-like Mongolian spots appear in 20% of babies, more common in darker skin, and fade within five years. These spots can be mistaken for abuse, so it's essential to point them out to a pediatrician and record them in the medical records.
Flat, pink nevus simplex marks affect 30-40% of newborns, disappearing by the second birthday, but can be treated with laser therapy. They are called "stork bites" at the nape of the neck and "angel kisses" around the eyes.