Chromium: Chromium is involved in glucose metabolism and helps enhance the action of insulin, the hormone responsible for regulating blood sugar. Good sources include broccoli, green beans, whole grains, and nuts.
Magnesium: Magnesium supports insulin function and helps regulate blood sugar levels. It can be found in leafy greens, nuts, seeds, and whole grains.
Vitamin D: Vitamin D deficiency has been linked to insulin resistance and impaired blood sugar control. Sun exposure is the primary source, but it can also be obtained from fatty fish, fortified dairy products, and supplements.
Vitamin B3 (Niacin): Niacin is involved in energy metabolism and may help improve blood sugar control. It can be found in foods like poultry, fish, peanuts, and whole grains.
Vitamin B6: Vitamin B6 is necessary for the proper functioning of insulin and helps convert food into energy. Good sources include poultry, fish, bananas, potatoes, and chickpeas.
Zinc: Zinc is involved in insulin production and release. It is found in foods like oysters, beef, poultry, legumes, and nuts.
Vitamin C: Vitamin C may help improve glucose tolerance and reduce oxidative stress related to diabetes. Citrus fruits, strawberries, bell peppers, and broccoli are good sources.
Omega-3 Fatty Acids: Omega-3 fatty acids have been shown to improve insulin sensitivity and reduce inflammation. Fatty fish like salmon, sardines, and mackerel are rich sources.