Stomach cramps can be caused by various gastrointestinal conditions such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), gastroenteritis, or inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).
Some individuals may experience stomach cramps due to food sensitivities or allergies, such as lactose intolerance or gluten intolerance.
Menstruation causes stomach cramps, but hormonal abnormalities, polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), and amenorrhea can cause periods to stop.
Emotional stress and anxiety can manifest physically, leading to stomach cramps. Chronic stress can also disrupt hormonal balance and menstrual cycles.
Endometriosis causes severe stomach pain and cramps by growing uterine tissue outside of it. Periods may be irregular or absent.
Sexually transmitted diseases cause PID, a female reproductive organ infection. It might induce abdominal pains and other symptoms.
In rare circumstances, stomach pains without periods may indicate gastrointestinal blockage, which stops food or stool flow in the intestines.