Dogs in the Sporting Group were bred to assist hunters in finding and retrieving game birds such as pheasants or ducks. They are skilled in catching and flushing out birds, making them valuable companions to human hunters.
Hound Group breeds were bred to hunt warm-blooded prey, with sighthounds using speed and vision to chase swift animals like jackrabbits, and scent hounds relying on their powerful sense of smell to track everything from raccoons to escaped prisoners.
Herding Group dogs were initially bred to corral livestock and include Australian Cattle Dogs, Border Collies, German Shepherds, and other smart and energetic breeds.
Working Group breeds are known for their strength, intelligence, and imposing stature, and were developed to assist humans with tasks such as pulling sleds, guarding homes, and protecting families, with many still used as working dogs today.
Toy Group dogs are small but affectionate lap dogs known for their intelligence, and include Chihuahuas, Pomeranians, Maltese, and other breeds such as Cavalier King Charles Spaniels, Silky Terriers, and Miniature Schnauzers.
Terrier Group dogs are energetic and feisty breeds that were originally bred to hunt vermin and rodents, ranging from toy to medium-sized, with the exception of a few, like the Airdale Terrier.
Sporting dogs were originally developed to assist hunters in locating and retrieving game, with four types including spaniels, pointers, retrievers, and setters, known for their natural athleticism and love for hunting and field activities.