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10 Different Types of Mastiff Breeds to Know

10 Different Types of Mastiff Breeds to Know (3)

Different Types of Mastiff Breeds – Are you a dog enthusiast on the lookout for the perfect furry companion? Look no further than the majestic world of Mastiff breeds! With their imposing stature and gentle disposition, Mastiffs have captured the hearts of many canine aficionados. In this comprehensive guide, we delve into the diverse realm of these gentle giants, exploring 10 different types of Mastiff breeds that are sure to leave you in awe.

History and Origin of Mastiff Breeds

The history and origin of Mastiff breeds can be traced back to ancient civilizations, where they were revered for their impressive size and strength. The precise origins of these majestic dogs are often shrouded in mystery, with various theories suggesting their existence in different parts of the world.

One prevalent belief is that Mastiffs originated in the Middle East, where they were utilized as war dogs and guardians of property. Their formidable stature and protective instincts made them valuable assets in safeguarding homes and livestock from intruders and predators.

Moreover, historical records indicate that Mastiffs played significant roles in ancient civilizations such as Babylon, Assyria, and Egypt. These civilizations revered Mastiffs for their loyalty, courage, and unwavering dedication to their masters. Some even consider Mastiffs to be descendants of the ancient Molossus breed, which was renowned for its prowess in battle and formidable presence on the battlefield.

As time progressed, Mastiffs found their way to different parts of the world through trade routes and conquests, ultimately spreading their influence across Europe and Asia. Their roles evolved to include guarding estates, assisting in hunting expeditions, and serving as reliable companions to nobility and royalty.

Throughout history, Mastiffs have garnered a reputation for their versatility, making them indispensable in various societal roles. From their origins as fierce guardians to their evolution into beloved family pets, Mastiffs have left an indelible mark on the pages of history, earning their place as one of the most revered and cherished dog breeds in the world.

Also Read: Toy Dog Breeds

Characteristics of Mastiff Breeds

Mastiff breeds exhibit a distinctive set of characteristics that contribute to their unique allure and appeal. These characteristics are often a combination of physical attributes, temperament traits, and behavioral tendencies that define their identity and make them stand out among other dog breeds. Here are some key characteristics commonly associated with Mastiff breeds:

  1. Impressive Size and Stature: Mastiffs are renowned for their imposing size and robust build, characterized by their muscular frames and substantial weight. Their large, powerful bodies exude an aura of strength and dominance, emphasizing their role as formidable guardians and protectors.
  2. Gentle and Docile Temperament: Despite their imposing appearance, Mastiffs are known for their gentle and affectionate nature. They often form strong bonds with their families, displaying a loyal and devoted attitude towards their human companions. Their calm and laid-back temperament makes them excellent family pets and loyal guardians.
  3. Protective Instincts: Mastiffs possess a strong protective instinct, which makes them highly vigilant and attentive to their surroundings. They are naturally inclined to protect their territory and loved ones, making them excellent guard dogs when trained and socialized appropriately.
  4. Minimal Barking: Unlike some other breeds, Mastiffs are not known for excessive barking. They tend to vocalize only when necessary, making them suitable for living in various environments, including urban areas and apartments.
  5. Low to Moderate Energy Levels: Mastiffs are generally not highly active dogs and are content with moderate exercise. They enjoy leisurely walks and relaxed playtime, preferring to lounge and relax indoors for the most part. This makes them suitable for families or individuals who prefer a more laid-back lifestyle.
  6. Short Coat and Minimal Grooming Requirements: Most Mastiff breeds have short, dense coats that require minimal grooming. Regular brushing and occasional baths are typically sufficient to maintain their coat’s cleanliness and shine.
  7. Affectionate with Children and Families: Mastiffs are known for their affectionate and patient demeanor, especially with children. They often exhibit a nurturing and protective attitude towards younger family members, making them excellent companions for households with kids.

Understanding these defining characteristics is crucial for anyone considering bringing a Mastiff into their home, as it allows for a better understanding of the breed’s needs and compatibility with a specific lifestyle.

Also Read: Uses of Coconut Oil for Dogs

10 Different Types of Mastiff Breeds

English Mastiff

The English Mastiff, known for its massive build and gentle temperament, is one of the oldest Mastiff breeds. Originating in England, this breed has a dignified and noble presence. With its broad head, wrinkled face, and deep-set eyes, the English Mastiff exudes an air of wisdom and calm.

Despite its imposing size, it is notably affectionate and loyal, making it an excellent family companion. Known for its protective instincts, the English Mastiff requires early socialization and consistent training to ensure it remains a well-mannered and amiable pet.


The Bullmastiff, a cross between the English Mastiff and the Old English Bulldog, is a formidable yet affectionate breed renowned for its excellent guarding abilities. Developed in the mid-19th century in England, the Bullmastiff was originally bred to protect large estates from poachers.

With its strong and muscular build, this breed serves as an effective deterrent to intruders, while maintaining a gentle and docile nature within the family. The Bullmastiff’s balanced temperament, coupled with its natural protective instincts, makes it a popular choice for families seeking a loyal and reliable companion.

Neapolitan Mastiff

Hailing from Italy, the Neapolitan Mastiff is instantly recognizable for its abundant skin folds, massive build, and powerful appearance. Bred as guardians and defenders, the Neapolitan Mastiff is known for its unwavering loyalty and protective instincts.

Despite its intimidating exterior, this breed demonstrates a gentle and affectionate demeanor towards its family. With its deep-set, expressive eyes and distinctive loose skin, the Neapolitan Mastiff possesses a distinctive charm that has earned it a dedicated following among dog enthusiasts seeking a loyal and devoted companion.

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Tibetan Mastiff

The Tibetan Mastiff, originating from the Himalayan region, is a majestic and ancient breed revered for its impressive size and protective instincts. Renowned for its thick, luxurious coat and imposing stature, the Tibetan Mastiff is well-adapted to endure harsh weather conditions, making it a natural guardian of livestock and property in its native terrain.

With its independent and strong-willed nature, this breed requires patient and consistent training to establish a harmonious relationship with its human family. Known for its fierce loyalty and devotion, the Tibetan Mastiff serves as a steadfast and vigilant protector in both its historical and contemporary roles.

Brazilian Mastiff (Fila Brasileiro)

The Brazilian Mastiff, or Fila Brasileiro, is a powerful and athletic breed originating from Brazil, where it was traditionally utilized as a hunting and tracking dog. Recognized for its loyalty and protective instincts, the Fila Brasileiro possesses a strong prey drive and exceptional tracking abilities, making it a proficient working and guarding dog.

With its distinctive loose skin, powerful build, and expressive face, the Brazilian Mastiff is both imposing and affectionate, exhibiting a strong bond with its family. Due to its strong-willed nature, early socialization and consistent training are essential to foster a well-behaved and well-adjusted companion.

Dogue de Bordeaux

The Dogue de Bordeaux, originating from France, is a robust and muscular breed with a rich history dating back to ancient times. Recognized for its distinctively wrinkled face and imposing build, the Dogue de Bordeaux is known for its loyalty, affection, and protective instincts.

With its gentle and patient demeanor, this breed is well-suited for families, displaying an exceptional devotion to its human companions. Despite its imposing appearance, the Dogue de Bordeaux is notably gentle and affectionate, making it an ideal choice for those seeking a loving and reliable companion with a strong sense of loyalty and devotion.

Spanish Mastiff

The Spanish Mastiff, originating from the mountainous regions of Spain, is a robust and resilient breed celebrated for its protective instincts and unwavering loyalty. With its muscular build, thick coat, and powerful presence, the Spanish Mastiff is well-suited for guarding livestock and properties, exemplifying its historical role as a defender of herds against predators.

Despite its independent nature, this breed exhibits a gentle and affectionate temperament towards its family, showcasing a strong bond and dedication to its human companions. The Spanish Mastiff’s enduring loyalty and protective nature make it an excellent choice for those seeking a reliable and steadfast guardian and companion.

Pyrenean Mastiff

The Pyrenean Mastiff, hailing from the Pyrenees Mountains of Spain, is a majestic and powerful breed renowned for its protective instincts and gentle demeanor. With its robust build, thick coat, and impressive size, the Pyrenean Mastiff is well-suited for guarding livestock and properties, serving as a reliable and devoted guardian in its native terrain.

Known for its amiable and affectionate nature, this breed forms strong bonds with its family, demonstrating a nurturing and protective attitude towards children and other household members. The Pyrenean Mastiff’s devoted loyalty and nurturing disposition make it a cherished and beloved companion for families seeking a gentle and reliable guardian.

Bordeaux Mastiff (Dogue Argentin)

The Bordeaux Mastiff, also known as the Dogue Argentin, is a powerful and athletic breed originating from Argentina, where it was historically utilized for hunting large game and guarding estates. Renowned for its muscular build, strong protective instincts, and exceptional agility, the Bordeaux Mastiff is a versatile working and family dog.

With its confident and assertive demeanor, this breed requires early socialization and consistent training to foster a well-mannered and well-adjusted companion. Despite its strong-willed nature, the Bordeaux Mastiff demonstrates a strong bond and affectionate attitude towards its family, making it an ideal choice for those seeking a loyal and devoted companion with a strong protective instinct.

Anatolian Mastiff (Kangal)

The Anatolian Mastiff, also known as the Kangal, originates from the Anatolian region of Turkey, where it has a longstanding history as a guardian and protector of livestock. Renowned for its sturdy build, thick coat, and powerful presence, the Anatolian Mastiff is equipped to endure harsh weather conditions and protect herds from predators, demonstrating its unparalleled bravery and unwavering commitment to its responsibilities.

With its independent and self-assured nature, this breed requires firm and consistent training to establish a respectful and harmonious relationship with its human family. The Anatolian Mastiff’s strong protective instincts and exceptional loyalty make it an exceptional choice for those seeking a steadfast and reliable guardian for their livestock and property.

Also Read: Dog Breeds for Protection


As you embark on your journey to find the ideal Mastiff breed to welcome into your home, remember that each of these 10 breeds possesses unique characteristics and temperaments. Whether you’re drawn to the dignified English Mastiff or the spirited Brazilian Mastiff, there’s a perfect match for every dog lover. By understanding the distinct features and requirements of each breed, you can ensure a fulfilling and harmonious companionship that will undoubtedly enrich your life for years to come.


Are Mastiff breeds suitable for families with children?

Yes, most Mastiff breeds are known for their gentle and protective nature, making them ideal companions for families with children. However, proper training and socialization are crucial to ensure a harmonious relationship between the dog and children.

How much exercise do Mastiff breeds require?

While Mastiffs are known for their calm demeanor, they still require regular exercise to maintain their health and well-being. A daily walk and some moderate playtime are generally sufficient, although the specific exercise needs may vary depending on the breed and individual dog.

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